A dream doesn't become reality through magic. It takes sweat, determination and hard work.

Friday, 20 October 2017

Kenyatta Was Trailed Over 'Communism'


By Gitau wa Njenga,London
The Standard,3 March,2005


The United Kingdom yesterday released secret files on
Kenya's founding father Jomo Kenyatta, detailing how
the British trailed him for 24 years.

The secret files, made public through the Public
Record Office under the Freedom of Information Act,
date back 76 years ago and show Kenyatta indulged in
espionage of his own kind.

Secret File KV 2/1787-1789 shows Kenyatta came to the
attention of British Security Service attention in
1929 when he arrived in London and was kept under
surveillance by the Metropolitan Police Special Branch
because of his suspected links to the International
Committee of Negro Workers.

Kenyatta arrived in London on March 8,1929, after
sailing for nearly a month on board Bernadino de St
Pierre cruise ship that had started the voyage at
Kilindini Harbour on February 17, 1929.

Another file, KV 2/1787 (1930-1940), follows
Kenyatta's activities in this period through Special
Branch reports, and from 1934 through intercepted
mail. The warrant for intercepting his correspondence
states that Kenyatta was believed to be succeeding
George Padmore as principal Soviet propaganda agent
for the British colonies.

Kenyatta had met Padmore, a left-wing Communist from
Trinidad, in Berlin, Germany, and it is believed they
remained in Germany until February 21, 1933, when
police deported Padmore.

Intelligence records show that shortly before his
deportation, Padmore had taken Kenyatta to Moscow,
Russia, where Kenyatta allegedly joined the Communist
Party. This activity postdates Kenyatta's visit to
Lenin School in Moscow between 1932 and 1933.

In 1945, he was described as a Trotskyist while a year
later he was labelled "a well-known communist
extremist".

During an earlier stay in Russia, the security service
appears to have lost track of him. However, the
details of Kenyatta's mission to Russia remain
unknown.

The file contains copies of correspondence to
Kenyatta, until the watch on his mail was suspended in
December 1934. There are many reports of his speeches,
including one at an Indian National Congress meeting
at The Strand, Central London, in December 1935 where
he said: "The only way I can see independence being
obtained is by the rising of the native peoples,
casting aside their chains and driving their common
enemy from their land, if need be by the use of bombs,
machine guns and such things."

It is reported that Kenyatta's Indian audience, who
regarded him as "a comedian rather than a serious
speaker", did not take the remarks seriously.

Other elements that emerge on the file are pressures
from Kikuyu organisations in Kenya for Kenyatta to
return home, and details of his financial worries. He
was constantly short of money during his 18-year stay
in Europe.

The warrant on Kenyatta's mail was reapplied following
a request from the Kenyan police in 1939, since he was
now suspected of engaging in subversive work in Kenya.

It becomes clear from the intercepted correspondence
that Kenyatta, no doubt to manage the evident
financial worries, had taken work censoring native
language recordings made by various gramophone
companies intended for export to East Africa. His
services were dispensed with in 1940.

One strange inclusion on the file is a copy of the
passport application form for British archaeologist
Louis Leakey, father of paleo-anthropologist and
former head of the Civil Service, Dr Richard Leakey.

Louis Leakey was a known critic of Kenyatta and they
had a bitter public argument in November 14, 1935 in
London when Kenyatta, then an anthropology student at
London School of Economics, presented a paper on
female circumcision.

Leakey, like Kenyatta, had been initiated into the
Kikuyu age-group of Kihiomwiri and had written
extensively on female circumcision. Writing for an
anthropological journal in 1931, he disagreed with
certain aspects of Kenyatta's presentation, resulting
in both men "screaming at each other in Kikuyu, as
bewildered students watched in horror".

Ironically, Leakey was later appointed by the colonial
authorities to act as it's Kikuyu-English interpreter
at Kenyatta's Kapenguria trial but was eventually
dropped after Kenyatta persistent complaints that he
was biased.

Secret file KV 2/1788 of (1940-1953) contains further
copies of intercepted correspondence and reports of
Kenyatta's activities. In 1946, British Intelligence
Services took some interest in Kenyatta's marriage to
Edna Grace Clarke, and investigations were made to
establish if it was legal. Eventually, a marriage
certificate was located at St Catherine's House, and
the matter was dropped.

Kenyatta married Edna, the daughter of a marine
engineer, on May 11, 1942, at Chanctonbury Registry
Office.

A copy of their marriage certificate shows Kenyatta
put his age as 37, and gave his profession as "author
and lecturer". Edna was 32.

In the document, he describes himself as a bachelor.
There was no mention of his first wife, Grace Wahu,
and his two children, Margaret Wambui and Peter
Muigai left behind in Kenya.

Kenyatta returned to Kenya on September 5, 1946, but
the surveillance continued, and particular interest
was taken in his involvement in the Mau Mau movement.

He was arrested in connection with Mau Mau activities
on October, 20, 1952, along with other nationalists
Paul Ngei, Kungu Karumba, Fred Kubai, Bildad Kaggia
and Achieng Oneko.

Secret file (KV 2/1953-1954) focuses on Kenyatta's
trial at Kapenguria and conviction for managing the
Mau Mau rebellion.

Kenyatta and his co-accused were later sentenced to
seven years in jail with hard labour and were
imprisoned in Lokitaung in the remote Turkana
District.

An interesting aspect of this file is the allegation
that even in custody in Kapenguria, Kenyatta was
continued exchanging covert messages with Padmore, who
was by now working as Kwame Nkrumah's personal
assistant, using secret radios.

Another African nationalist whose secret files have
also been made public are Kwame Nkrumah, who according
to file No KV 2/1847-1851, came to the attention of
the Security Service in 1942.

Nkrumah was studying in the United States during the
Second World War when the Security Service was
informed of an anti-British speech he had made at a
meeting on "The Role of the Negro in the War Effort in
Philadelphia".

Nothing specific, however, linked Nkrumah to
Communism. A dispatch from the Public Record Office
says the motivation for Security Service interest in
figures like Kenyatta and Nkrumah was because of
suspected links to Communism or to the Soviet Union,
rather than because of their pro-independence or
Pan-Africanist stand.

Monday, 16 October 2017

Donors ask Raila Odinga to rescind decision to boycott poll

MONDAY OCTOBER 16 2017    
 
 

 Raila Odinga
Nasa leader Raila Odinga. PHOTO | NATION MEDIA GROUP 
By AGGREY MUTAMBO
More by this Author
Western donors want National Super Alliance leader, Raila Odinga, to rescind his withdrawal from the upcoming repeat election, even as they insist on respect for the IEBC.
The move by the Opposition last week may have surprised many of the envoys, after they had pressured both sides of the political divide to let the IEBC do its job and plan for elections.
However, Mr Odinga argued he and his running mate Kalonzo Musyoka were withdrawing from the race because the electoral agency had not heeded their call for reforms.
“We called on all actors to participate and respect the Constitution. We are reviewing the practical implications of this withdrawal,” a senior diplomat from the European Union Delegation in Kenya told the Nation, suggesting the Supreme Court may be required to “pronounce itself on this matter.”

Thursday, 12 October 2017

Anti-IEBC demos banned in Nairobi, Kisumu, Mombasa CBD - VIDEO


Anti-IEBC demos banned in Nairobi, Kisumu, Mombasa CBD - VIDEO 

THURSDAY OCTOBER 12 2017
By FAITH NYAMAI 
More by this Author
The government has outlawed anti-IEBC demos in central business districts of Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu.
Citing Public Order Act, Interior Acting CS Fred Matiangi on Thursday said the ban was aimed at protecting Kenyans and their property.
RIGHTS
Dr Matiang’i cited Section 56 of the Public Order Act in making the decision even as he insisted that his order does not curtail the right of National Super Alliance (Nasa) supporters to demonstrate and picket.

The first poll was annulled. A second may be violently disrupted

IN THE rickety wooden markets in Nairobi, where traders sell old books, second-hand clothes and kitchenware, walking away is a buyer’s last negotiating ploy. If he is lucky, he will be chased down the street and offered a better price. Raila Odinga, Kenya’s softly-spoken opposition leader, seems to be hoping a similar strategy may rescue his electoral chances.
On October 10th Mr Odinga withdrew from a re-run of the presidential election scheduled for October 26th, arguing that if it went ahead then it would not be free or fair. Courts had already annulled the presidential part of a wider set of elections held on August 8th, after finding problems with the way it was run. But no reforms have been made to the electoral process since then, he argued.

Latest updates

See all updates
It had already been clear for several weeks that Mr Odinga did not plan to contest the election. His coalition of parties, the National Super Alliance (NASA), had been running a bare-bones campaign. The candidate himself had made plans to travel to Britain and possibly America two weeks before the vote—prime campaigning time—presumably to drum up international support for his withdrawal.
Yet the announcement still contained a surprise. This is because instead of proposing a straightforward boycott, Mr Odinga seems to be hoping that by standing down he will force the courts to halt the election altogether and order a new one in the future after the parties have nominated new candidates.
Under the original Supreme Court ruling that annulled August’s election, the electoral commission has until November 1st to organise a new one. If that deadline is missed, then Kenya will be plunged into a constitutional crisis. It is unclear how that would be resolved. Those in the camp of the incumbent president, Uhuru Kenyatta, want an election to be held no matter what. Some hardliners want him simply to be declared president. In parliament MPs pushed through an amendment to the electoral law that automatically awards victory to the remaining candidate if one of them withdraws from a re-run of a presidential election.
Yet the real crisis is one of legitimacy, not law. Should the courts and electoral commission go ahead with a vote that is not contested by Mr Odinga, his supporters will surely try their best to disrupt it, says Michael Chege of the University of Nairobi. In their strongholds, principally in western Kenya and certain Nairobi slums, they could prevent the electoral commission from holding a vote that would satisfy the courts.
By walking away, Mr Odinga seems to be gambling on his ability to threaten chaos to push Mr Kenyatta to negotiate. But the trouble with that strategy is that Mr Odinga is running out of money. And although opposition protests occasionally gum up the centre of Nairobi, even his most fervent supporters will not stay on the streets indefinitely.
The worst outcome for Mr Odinga is that his bluff is called and the election goes ahead without him. Electoral officials said they plan to do just that. Mr Kenyatta might remain president, but a large proportion of the population would not recognise his right to rule and would feel left out of the political system.
This article appeared in the Middle East and Africa section of the print edition under the headline "Going all in"

Wednesday, 11 October 2017

Nasa finds refuge under 2013 court verdict

Parliament passes bill to amend election laws

WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 11 2017    
 
 

Senator Fatuma Dullo (left) and Baringo North
Senator Fatuma Dullo (left) and Baringo North MP William Cheptumo - chairpersons of the parliamentary ad hoc committee handling the proposed changes to the election laws - pay attention during proceedings at Continental house, Nairobi, on October 3, 2017. Mr Cheptumo sponsored the bill. PHOTO | DENNIS ONSONGO | NATION MEDIA GROUP 
By SAMWEL OWINO
More by this Author
The National Assembly has passed a controversial bill to amend election laws.
MPs passed amendments to the bill on Wednesday morning backed by Jubilee Party.
Seven amendments were introduced to the bill by the committee chaired by Baringo North MP William Cheptumo after last week's public bearings.

Mutahi Ngunyi warns Jubilee not to celebrate before understanding Raila's scheme


-NASA has formally withdrawn the candidature of Raila Odinga and Kalonzo Musyoka from the presidential race
-President Kenyatta and Jubilee leaders have been calling on Raila to withdraw from the race
-The IEBC was thrown into a crisis meeting shortly after Raila announced he would not participate in this month's election

Could this be the kingmaker?Court: Include Aukot in repeat presidential poll


WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 11 2017 
 


The High Court has ordered the electoral agency to include Thirdway Alliance presidential candidate Ekuru Aukot be included in the October 26 repeat election.
Justice John Mativo directed the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission to amend a gazette notice it had issued on presidential candidates to contest in the repeat election to include Mr Aukot's name.

Tuesday, 10 October 2017

BREAKING NEWS: Raila withdraws from race, demands fresh election

Oct. 10, 2017, 3:00 pm




NASA presidential candidate Raila Odinga during a media briefing at a Nairobi hotel where he rejected results of the presidential election, August 9,2017. /HEZRON NJOROGE
NASA presidential candidate Raila Odinga during a media briefing at a Nairobi hotel where he rejected results of the presidential election, August 9,2017. /HEZRON NJOROGE 
Raila Odinga has withdrawn from the October 26 presidential race and demanded that IEBC calls a fresh election.
The decision is in Kenya's interest and is "a win-win for everyone", the NASA leader said on Tuesday.

Monday, 9 October 2017

How love for democracy has made Raila a political “failure”

 By Daniel Odhiambo |Oct 09, 2017 
how-love-for-democracy-has-made-raila-a-political-failure
NASA Leader Raila Odinga
SUMMARY
  •  According to a survey by Governance Surveillance Center in Geneva in 2014, he was ranked the 13th most powerful and influential leader in the world
  • The love for democracy has made Raila to make serious mistakes that have cost him the presidency
Raila Odinga is one of the few politicians in the world who are loved and loathed in equal measures. There is no doubt that Raila is the most powerful and influential politician in Kenya and the region. 
According to the survey that was conducted by Governance Surveillance Center in Geneva in 2014, he was ranked the 13th most powerful and influential leader in the world.
Raila is also known to be a fighter of democracy, which made him to be detained twice, making him the longest serving detainee in Kenya. At the same, the man has been fighting corruption and he revealed major corruption allegations such as Eurobond and NYS scandals.

Raila Odinga asks Nasa leaders to take charge of anti-IEBC demos

MONDAY OCTOBER 9 2017    
 
 

Nasa demos kondele
Nasa supporters stage anti-IEBC demos at Kondele in Kisumu on October 6, 2017. Mr Odinga has called for better coordination during the protests. PHOTO | FILE | NATION MEDIA GROUP 
By RUSHDIE OUDIA
More by this Author
National Super Alliance (Nasa) supporters are today expected to continue with their street protests to push for reforms at the electoral commission.
The opposition alliance, led by Raila Odinga, wants systems and personnel changes effected at the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) before repeat presidential election is held on October 26.
12 OFFICIALS
They want 11 individuals, including IEBC CEO Ezra Chiloba, removed from office for allegedly bundling August 8 General Election.
They also want IEBC to drop its Dubai-based ballots printer Al-Ghurair and French technology supplier OT-Morpho.
The demos resume after Mr Odinga asked leaders from Kisumu County to hold “structured demonstrations” to avoid violence and looting as witnessed last week.
The Nasa presidential candidate asked the leaders to steward their supporters from the point of convergence until they reach the IEBC offices and later herd them out of the central business district.
MEETING
Mr Odinga, in a closed door meeting held on Sunday night at Capitol Hill Hotel Kisian, appeared angered by what transpired during Friday demos that saw Tumaini Supermarket broken into and looted.
Leaders who attended the meeting included MPs Onyango K’oyoo (Muhoroni), Mr Aduma Owuor (Nyakach), Mr Jared Okello (Nyando), Dr James Nyikal (Seme) and Kisumu Central’s Fred Ouda.
Also in the meeting was Nyanza presidential campaign team, Kisumu County leaders led by Deputy Governor Mathews Owili, Kisumu Chief of Protocol Bob Madanje and Kondele Ward Representative Joachim Oketch.
The leaders had left a rally at Seme, when they were called for the meeting that lasted for about an hour.
LOOTINGr
Mr Okello in an interview after the meeting said Mr Odinga told them to control the protestors.
“Our party leader told us to be on the frontline during the demo and ensure we converge at one particular place when starting the demo and completing it and ensure no one is left behind to take advantage of the demo to commit crime,” said the Nyando MP.
He said the party leaders also asked them not to relent in the push for reforms in IEBC, with a possibility of scaling it up to many days in the coming weeks before the October 26 repeat election.
The first time MP said the Nasa leader asked all leaders to be present during the demo.
“The message remains ‘no reforms no elections’. We will hold the demos on three days this week and might scale it up to every day, including weekends, upon success of this week’s protests,” said Mr Okello.
TRADE
Dr Owili condemned Friday vandalism of Tumaini Supermarket, saying the incident should be treated as a crime.
“We have a clear agenda as Nasa through the street protests. We are showing our dissatisfaction with IEBC as presently constituted and want to ask the police to protect businesses as they employ our people,” Dr Owili said.
He went on: “We should not destroy our property. If you love him (Raila), don’t burn roads and destroy property.”
Mr Odinga’s call in part stressed his message on Saturday, where he reiterated that Kenyans’ journey to “Canaan”, the famed Promised Land, was unstoppable.
REFORMS
On that day, he addressed an interdenominational prayer meeting attended by US based Prophet Bernard Kibirige at St Stephens ACK Church in Kisumu on phone.
Mr Odinga said they would continue to push for reforms in the electoral commission to ensure free, fair and credible elections.
“We are determined to continue with our push for electoral reforms to ensure a level playing field for a free, fair and credible elections. With these, we must reach Canaan,” Mr Odinga said in his address to the congregation.
Prophet Kibirige said the prayers were held to call for peace and unity ahead of the repeat Kenyan elections.

Raila plans to opt out of repeat election over unfulfilled irreducible minimum demands

By 

NASA Presidential flag-bearer Raila Odinga address a press conference after meeting with the Maasai community at Okoa Kenya office in Nairobi on 27/08/2017. [Photo:WILLIS AWANDU/STANDARD]
Opposition presidential candidate Raila Odinga’s planned visit to the UK and lack of interest in campaigns about two weeks to the fresh presidential election appears to indicate he may not participate in the poll after all.

Wednesday, 4 October 2017

Sh2 million a month? Kenya’s seven top earning radio mega stars


Jalang’o, Kageni and Koinange
  • Kenya’s biggest radio presenters rake in millions every month
  • Jeff Koinange’s co-host Felix Oduor alias Jalang’o drives a Bentley worth over Sh17 million
  • Maina Kageni is said to pocket a salary in the average of Sh1.2 million to Sh1.8 million
How much do you think that your favourite radio star makes at the end of the month? Six figures, hundreds of thousands or pennies?
Well, according to sources, some of Kenya’s biggest radio presenters rake in millions every month as they drive their various radio shows beyond the clouds.
The radio stations owners understand the multitudes these presenters hold in their armpit and do whatever it takes to keep them in their portfolios including awarding them huge salaries in order to retain them.

Tuesday, 3 October 2017

Men, these types of women do not deserve a second chance

By Brian Onyiego | Oct 03, 2017 

men-these-types-of-women-do-not-deserve-a-second-chance
Just like women, men hurt from love
SUMMARY
  • Getting into a relationship with a lady you don't know much about may become unbearable.
  • There are different categories of women to look out for.
As women ache for love, so do men. We exchange contacts, meet up for dinner, secure the second and the third date and we are fully persuaded we should be an item. As we get intimate, things happen, pointers that convince us that the relationship is not anything close to what we anticipated. 
You find out that your lady is a control freak who is unbearable in every way. As a man, you will not make any choice or move without her consent. If you fail to seek her approval on any issue, you are inviting a lot of trouble. She will carry unresolved issues into the present just to stay in control.

The Body Language Which Will Reveal the Truth About Your Relationship

Some relationships are just starting with shy looks and bashful attempts to take her hand...

Or perhaps a couple has not been together for a year yet, but she is trying to keep a distance and hides her eyes...
Bright Side will help you to understand what is happening in your relationship without any words.

Everything is fine. You like each other.

You notice that your partner meets your eyes and holds your gaze for a little longer than he/she is supposed to. If after some time the action repeats, you can be sure that he/she likes you.
If during a conversation or a walk your partner tries to turn their body to you, it is definitely a sign of their interest in you. Even when they keep their legs crossed, the toecap will be turned toward you for sure.
If a woman has happy feelings toward you, she will subconsciously try to bend her body toward you while keeping her back straight, hence making her figure look better.
Men, in this case, are trying to look bigger and stronger. They straighten themselves up with arms akimbo. During a conversation, they sometimes lean on a wall with their hand at the level of your shoulder to get into your personal space.
If you start to notice that your hands touch each other by chance very often (even if there is no real reason for it) or many specks of dust appear on your clothes that need to urgently be cleaned, you can be sure that the interest in you is high.
Sometimes you might notice that, after telling some joke, the person who told it is looking at you and waiting for your reaction. That is an obvious sign of liking; otherwise, whom was he doing his best for?
Men usually stop smiling widely around the age of 5-6 years. If you notice that a man near you is wearing a Hollywood smile, it can definitely mean that he is really happy, according to the words of the psychologist Patti Wood.
If you start to notice that a person has started to use the same gestures and intonations that you do, it doesn’t mean that he is your new fan or that he is trying to tease you. It is more likely that he likes you and is copying you subconsciously.

Something is going wrong. You need to talk.

You are always trying to say something to your partner, but it happens that it is inconvenient to speak: her body is turned away from you, she doesn’t look into your eyes, and she tries to keep a distance. These are all unconditional signs of problems and antipathy.
When your second half is trying to avoid intimacy, his kisses became quick and formal. If, when he is falling asleep, he turns away from you and sleeps in the fetal position, it is an alarm bell for your relationship.
If all your jokes are met with an insincere and strained smile or if your every initiative is followed by weak enthusiasm, it means that you are not interesting to your partner. You shouldn’t waste your time on them.
Body "blocks" during a conversation, such as crossed arms and legs, are a reason to think over if everything is fine in your relationship. If his voice is indistinct, his speech is edgy, and his eyes are always down, it is something worth paying attention to.
You also should be concerned if your man doesn’t follow simple rules of etiquette like not opening doors for you or not letting you go first. It is the same situation with girls: if she talks a lot on the phone, she forgets about you.
During a walk, if you fall behind and your partner doesn’t even look back or slow down, it means that your relationship has started to fade away.
Loving people tend to show care toward their beloved ones. If instead of straightening your clothes or smoothing your hair, they simply inform you that your hair is messy, you should think whether your relationship is still harmonious.
However, you should remember that these kinds of "symptoms" are not a sentence. They are only signals of misbalance in your relationship. It is important to notice them to be able to correct the situation in time!
Illustrated by Natalia Kulakova for BrightSide.me